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What is CBD: Things You Need to Know About It

A lot of people in the world suffer from problems such as anxiety, insomnia, pain and in most cases, they cannot figure out what to do. While people try many treatments, only some of them seem to be fruitful. One of such treatments is the use of CBD. So now, what is CBD? That is exactly what is covered down below.

What is CBD?

The next question that may arise in one’s mind is that “what does CBD stand for?” well CBD is short of Cannabidiol and it is extracted from the Cannabis plant. It is also effectively used to treat seizures. Though CBD is extracted from Cannabis plants, it is free from the chemical tetrahydrocannabinol or commonly known as THC. THC is that chemical in marijuana that is known to make people “high” as it is a psychoactive chemical.

As CBD is free from THC, it is safe to say that CBD does not make you high. Given all of its properties, CBD has been observed to be effective for several problems such as insomnia, anxiety, and the onset of seizures as it helps people relax and fall asleep easily in most cases. CBD also has other benefits as well such as a treatment of skin problems. CBD can act in various forms, commonly known are its functions to treat anxiety and seizures but CBD is also used as an anticonvulsive, sedative, and antipsychotic.

How Does It Work?

For starters, CBD products indirectly influence the Endocannabinoid system of the human body. Whenever you take a Cannabidiol product, it reacts with CB1 as well as CB2 receptors. This process eventually helps the body to cope with any physical or mental ailments. CB1 receptors usually deal with appetite, thinking ability, bodily coordination, etc. On the other hand, CB2 receptors are responsible for guiding the immune system and inflammation.

Cannabidiol products inhibit the influence of FAAH in your body. As a result, the concentration of Anandamide molecule increases, which generates motivation and pleasure. Moreover, Cannabidiol also binds with TRVP-1 that plays a significant role in fixing inflammation and regulating pain.

The Different Types of CBD

Different types of CBD exist. The first type of CBD is a CBD isolate, it only has pure CBD in it and no other compound such as THC. CBD isolate is taken from the Cannabis plant and it is made sure it has no other compound in it. In this way, there is only the effect of CBD and no other compound meddles with the effect such as the high produced by THC.

The second type is broad-spectrum CBD. This has other compounds in it that are obtained from the Cannabis plant. These compounds usually tend to include CBN, CBC, limonene, myrcene, terpenes, and pinene. There is also an absence of THC in broad-spectrum CBD which means that there is no production of a high and you remain in your senses. However, the other compounds tend to show their properties as well.

The third type of CBD is full-spectrum CBD. It has the same compounds as mentioned in broad-spectrum, however, with the addition of THC. The amount of THC is less than 0.3%, which is the allowed, legal amount. This amount does not make people high.

The Endocannabinoid System

The Endocannabinoid System is a system in the body that regulates a few functions. This system indicates the presence of cannabinoids in the body. The processes that are controlled by the Endocannabinoid System are a person’s mood, appetite, sleep patterns, memory, and reproduction, and fertility. Even if a person is not using cannabis, this system is still active in their bodies. However, it doesn’t end here, after years of research scientists have found that the Endocannabinoid System has some role to play in other processes as well.

These processes include metabolism of the body, digestion, motor controls, sleep, muscle formation, liver function, stress, and skin and nerve function. The use of CBD could more or less regulate these functions, so these could be seen as CBD benefits. The system has a role to play in homeostasis, which is a correction process if something goes wrong in your body. For instance, if you suffer an injury or a wound, your homeostasis would kick in and mend everything that is damaged in your body.

While this process occurs, the Endocannabinoid System plays quite a vital role as well. When cannabis is taken, the body reacts to both CBD and THC. THC is responsible for getting you high and it stimulates other senses such as reduction in pain and a greater appetite. While sometimes the result of taking THC may be fun but on the other hand, there are times when THC could also cause anxiety.

CBD, however, reacts in a much different way. Although it too is a cannabinoid, it reacts very differently than THC does. For one, CBD does not have any negative impacts on the body and it does not result in you getting high. Experts are not entirely sure on how CBD reacts with the body as it is entirely different than THC but they know for sure that it does not bind with the receptors with which THC bind. CBD is also known to help with pain and nausea and may be used to regulate a person’s sleep pattern. It is through the Endocannabinoid system that the THC can react with the receptors in the brain that result in excessive production of the “happy chemical”, dopamine. When the dopamine level is unusually high, a person feels happier than ever. This is the “high” that the person experiences or it could also be called the psychedelic effect.


In current times, people suffer from all sorts of problems. Most of these problems have a direct or indirect effect on one’s mental health. Mental health issues are usually treated by several methods. One of these methods is the use of cannabis. Cannabis has a lot of chemical compounds inside it but the two primary compounds would be CBD and THS. These compounds are used in various products to help people suffering from problems like restlessness, insomnia, appetite issues, and even anxiety. However, the question that arises is that when it comes to CBD vs THC, which one emerges as the victor?

CBD is extracted either from hemp or from marijuana itself. The CBD that is extracted from Hemp tends to have little amounts of THC in it while CBD extracted from marijuana tends to have a lot more, so you could say it could make you a little high. CBD is mostly used in the form of oil, commonly known as CBD oil. THC, on the other hand, is consumed in the form of marijuana itself. The most common way of taking THC is through smoking joints that contain marijuana in them.

The way THC functions is that it enhances the production of dopamine in one’s brain. Now, what is Dopamine? Dopamine is a chemical or a neurotransmitter that is released in the brain that is related to a person’s happiness and pleasure, meaning it instantly elevates one’s mood. THC not only releases dopamine but it releases an increased amount of dopamine than one would usually experience. The person starts to feel ecstatic and euphoric for a certain amount of time and this ecstasy is commonly referred to as experiencing a “high”. While THC is primarily taken through marijuana joints, some other ways of taking THC are through oils and capsules that contain THC. Both THC and CBD are known to have direct effects on the body’s Endocannabinoid System.

THC binds itself to certain receptors in the brain while CBD does not. Talking about some of the key differences between CBD and THC, THC is known as being “psychoactive” meaning it makes you experience a high, its primary source is marijuana itself. CBD is not psychoactive and does not produce a high, usually, it is extracted from hemp rather than marijuana. People normally tend to use CBD oil for anxiety. So if there were to be a bottom line on what the differences between CBD and THC are, it would be that THC tends to produce a high which makes people feel “happier” than they normally would feel, while CBD is taken to get the job done without really producing a high in the brain.

Benefits of CBD

Due to its relaxing properties, CBD has a lot of positive effects on the body. It can help manage lots of problems in the body. There are quite a lot of ailments and problems that can be managed using not just CBD but THC as well, which include disorders such as Glaucoma, Pain, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel syndrome, and sleep difficulties.

However, more emphasis should be given to CBD as it does not produce a high and it would be much less likely that a person may get addicted to it. Primarily, CBD is used as a form of anti-seizure medicine. Amongst all CBD benefits, the most important one would be how it relaxes a person and helps in problems such as insomnia and anxiety. CBD products come in lots of forms, the most common one being CBD oil while other forms include CBD gummies as well.

CBD keeps your mind healthy as well as it does not directly affect the brain as THC does. THC directly reacts with the hippocampus and ends up releasing unnecessary amounts of dopamine which for the time makes you happy. However, this happiness is short-lived, and there comes a time when you start relying on THC for your happiness, which is called an addiction. If a person does not get their fix of THC, they begin to go into withdrawal which is even worse than addiction in the first place.

Epilepsy Management

CBD is used for the effective treatment of epilepsy. People tend to use CBD when there is an onset of seizures and CBD helps avoid these seizures. In the case of CBD, there is a purified form of CBD that is used for epilepsy. This medicine is called Epidiolex and is used by children who either have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome which are two forms of epilepsy in children.

Pain Relief

As CBD is known to have a relaxing effect, there has been an increasing trend where it is seen that people tend to take CBD for the treatment of pain as well. It is known as an effective method of pain relief. The types of pain that are treated with CBD include chronic pains such as back pain, arthritis, and sometimes even cancer pains. All these experiments for the treatment of pain have been carried out on rats and mice and it was seen that rats that had effects of inflammation had reduced inflammation when they were given CBD oil. There were also little to no side effects. In rats, it was also seen that CBD tends to reduce the size of cancer tumours but this is yet to be tested on humans as humans react entirely differently. CBD also tends to reduce the side effects of cancer vomiting, pains, and a general loss of appetite.

CBD also has a soothing effect on people who suffer from migraines. All the studies that have been carried out until now include the combination of both CBD and THC used together. It has been observed that by the use of CBD, people have experienced a much less intensity of pain than when people did not use CBD.

Relief from Anxiety and Depression

There are some mixed views on whether or not CBD helps with mental health and emotions. Many people say that it does affect positively while many say that they did not feel any difference after using CBD. It is said that CBD helps with anxiety, depression, and even PTSD. It has been observed that CBD helps reduce nervousness in people, especially when it comes to dealing with the public such as public speaking and so on. It is currently being decided whether or not war veterans should be given CBD for the treatment of their PTSD, because their trauma could be triggered by any event or even any person.

Many people have trouble sleeping at night as well, they stay up late hours and cannot figure out how to sleep. They spend the night tossing and turning and their sleep schedule is severely affected. The use of CBD helps induce sleep as well and helps people who usually have trouble sleeping at night. As CBD continues to relax the mind, it helps induce sleep that one may have difficulty achieving. With steady use of CBD, a person can regulate their sleep pattern which would be perfect for their health.


The Use of CBD For Skin Care

For quite some time, people have been using CBD for their skin as well. Usually what companies do is that combine CBD oil with other types of oil such as coconut oil which is great for the skin as well. CBD has shown to help with many skin prevailing skin problems as well such as acne and eczema which produce inflammation in the skin and CBD is known to have anti-inflammatory properties and help with these.

An acne outbreak starts when a person’s cells called sebocytes start creating a lot of sebum. When sebum is excessively produced, it results in acne. When a person uses CBD on their skin, CBD makes sure that excessive sebum is not produced which makes it very less likely that acne occurs. So to prevent acne, using CBD would be a great option. CBD also prevents the action of infections, using CBD makes it very less likely that an infection would occur.

Some people suffer from excessive dryness of the skin, using CBD makes sure that your skin does not get dry and also helps keep away triggers of irritability and eczema. The use of CBD also reduces the signs of aging quite effectively as it has antioxidants in it which help keep the skin fresh and glowing.

Eczema is known to be one of the most common diseases which cause a lot of itching on the body. Itching makes the situation even worse. To reduce the itching and the spread of eczema even further in the body, it is best if one decides to use CBD as CBD is known to reduce the effects of eczema. If you are a teenager who is reading this, there might be a high chance that you have either already experienced acne or you might face it any time soon. To reduce your odds of getting acne, the best option would be if you apply CBD oil to your face.

CBD and Its Legality

One may wonder “Is CBD legal?” CBD and THC are both derived from cannabis or commonly called marijuana. According to the federal law of the United States, THC and marijuana are deemed illegal, meaning possessing marijuana is illegal and could result in an arrest. Since July 2020, a couple of states including Washington D.C have allowed the possession of THC or marijuana if it is prescribed by a doctor.

CBD, on the other hand, is legal in most states of the United States. Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) on a federal level are legal but are illegal under some state laws. The CBD you purchase should not have more than 0.3% of THC. Otherwise, it would either start affecting your brain or it might be considered illegal. You should also ensure that the CBD you buy is certified and is pure.

Some of The Well Known CBD Products

CBD comes in many forms, whether it is in oil, gummies, capsules, or even lollipops! Though THC is mostly just smoked, CBD is taken in various forms such as tinctures, vapes, sprays, oils, CBD gummies, and so on. It should be known that recent studies have suggested that vaping THC and CBD could be dangerous. For the case of skin, people have also been using lotions that contain CBD in them. CBD is also added to many creams and topicals, especially in the treatment of skin problems such as eczema and acne. The CBD in the cream helps reduce the swelling and inflammation and helps reduce the occurrences of infections.

Some pet treats companies have also been using CBD as an ingredient in treats for dogs and cats. Till now there have been no solid results that tell whether or not CBD affects animals or not. Some say that CBD does have a positive effect on animals while some people say it makes no difference at all. If we were to talk about THC, THC is mostly taken in the form of smoke. So it may either be a joint containing marijuana or a vape that has THC in it.

What Are The Side Effects of CBD May Have?

Usually, after usage, people say that CBD is pretty safe to use. Most of the impacts that CBD has on the body are positive rather than negative. However, that does not mean CBD has no side effects at all, it does. Taking CBD usually results in very evident changes in someone’s mood and appetite. It causes a lot of drowsiness in the person who uses it. Sometimes instead of counteracting someone’s anxiety, it may end up elevating it.

Frequent use of CBD may also result in feelings of nausea and dizziness. Sometimes a dry mouth and an elevated heart rate is also experienced. Taking THC, however, has different impacts. It could affect one’s short-term memory and may affect someone’s hippocampus in the brain. Some people tend to face fatigue and diarrhoea as well. If we were to weigh the side effects with the benefits, it would be obvious that the benefits outweigh the side effects.

The Final Verdict

To answer the question of what is CBD and is it worth of use? Well, yes. It is safe to say that one can use CBD for their well-being. It is known to treat a lot of problems, many of which are mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. It can help you sleep better and can even make your skin look fresher and attractive! It works brilliantly as a painkiller and can effectively improve your general mood and health conditions.

However, it is suggested that one should use CBD instead of THC so you don’t fall prey to addiction and it doesn’t harm your brain because, at the end of the day, CBD doesn’t make you high!